Yazd to be considered as the first ancient city in the world and the capital of Yazd Province, Iran. The city is located 270 km (170 mi) southeast of Esfahan. At the 2011 census, the population was 486,152 Since 2017, the historical city of Yazd is recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The city Yazd is located within the center of the State Of Iran and is one of the country’s oldest cities, sets like a string of pearls along the Kavir coast and Yazd province along with the provinces of Fars and Isfahan as the golden tourism triangle of Iran is the first destination of foreign and European tourists, and all these tourism come to Yazd the center of development of the province and also a center for the followers of the Zarathustra faith, the pious predecessors of Islam who fled to the city to escape Arab persecution. The historical context of Yazd is unique, and if anyone wants to actually see an historic and alive Islamic city, he must travel to Yazd. Because of generations of adaptations to its desert surroundings, Yazd has a unique Persian architecture. It is nicknamed the “City of Windcatchers” Shahr-e Badgirha. It is also very well known for its Zoroastrian fire temples, ab anbars, qanats, yakhchals, Persian handicrafts, handwoven cloth (Persian termeh), silk weaving, Persian Cotton Candy, and its time-h The name is derived from Yazdegerd I, a Sassanid ruler of Persia. The city was definitely a Zoroastrian center during Sassanid times. After the Arab conquest of Iran, many Zoroastrians migrated to Yazd from neighboring provinces. By paying a levy, Yazd was allowed to remain Zoroastrian even after its conquest, and Islam only gradually became the dominant religion in the city. Yazd briefly served as the capital of the Muzaffarid Dynasty in the fourteenth century, and was unsuccessfully besieged in 1350–1351 by the Injuids under Shaikh Abu Ishaq. The Friday (or Congregation) mosque, arguably the city’s greatest architectural landmark, as well as other important buildings, date to this period. During the Qajar dynasty (18th century AD) it was ruled by the Bakhtiari Khans.
In Yazd province, there are over 2,000 and 200 hectares of historical texture registered in the national monuments list, which is considered a great honor for Yazd . some of these destinations are as listed belew:
Yazd Jame mousque: Collectible of Islamic Arts. The oldest part of Yazd Mosque is the Atiq Jami mosque, which was built in 504 AH and on the orders of Garshasb ibn Faramarz Ibn al-Ala al-Dawlah.
Amir Chomagh Complex: The complex includes mosques, water storage, caravanserai, schools, baths and khonkhahh, some of which are destroyed and not available, and the reliant buildings and minarets have been added to the Qajar period.
Alexander Prison: Some of this building is considered to be Alexander Macedonian, but it does not provide any historical evidence, but what is supported by historical documentation is the building of a school in this place by Zia Adin Hossein Razi in the 7th century.
The Dowlat Abad Garden : It was built about three hundred years ago by Mohammad Taqi Khan Bafqi, the ruler of Yazd, known as the Khan, and is now one of the sites listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Dakhme Zoroastrians: The crypt or the tower of silence, the cemetery and the location of the bodies of Zoroastrians, which has now lost its users, this place is located 15 km to the center of Yazd city.
Zoroastrian fire temple: This building, built in 1313 Hijri Shamsi by the owner of Jamshid Amanat and with the help of the Persian Parsian, is a place for storing Fire and War from more than 1500 years.