The city of Sha’edeh with the 5 thousand and 7081 square kilometers is the largest city in the country, a desert city in the west of southern Khorasan province of Iran. At the 2011 census, its population was 35,150, in 9,903 families. Tabas is located in central Iran, 950 kilometers southeast of Tehran, in South Khorasan Province. At first, it was part of the greater Khorasan province, but in 2001 it was annexed to Yazd Province. However, in 2013 it was returned to Khorasan and it became part of South Khorasan province. There are two other places in Khorasan called Tabas, but the name Tabas usually refers to the city under discussion. It is a desert city with lots of date and citrus trees. It has a 300-year-old public garden, (Baghe-golshan). There is also a shrine in Tabas that is visited every year by thousands of pilgrims. Tabas has two universities, with 2500 to 3500 students. The city has hot summers and people rarely see a winter snowfall. The people of Tabas speak a Khorasani dialect of Persian that sounds somewhat different from the standard Iranian version (“Tehran Persian”). Among the monuments found in this city , water reservoirs are somewhat influenced by the desert climate of the region and also the rare ones.
Her are Tabas historical and cultural visiting sights and palces listed :
Golshan Garden is one of the beautiful and historic buildings of the city dating back to the Afshariyeh and Zandieh period. It has eight hectares of land and is located in the central part of Tabas. This building has been registered in the national monuments list.
Another organ of the city Tabas is called Government Arg and is another historicul and cultural place to visit. This citadel has various buildings and basements, which have been said to have crossed the underground passage that led to the outskirts of the castle One of the towers of this famous citadel is the “Nader Mirza” tower, who was a prince of ghajar and also kidnapped by, by Amir Mohammadkhan Arab Zangoi.
The Orange Algah Water Basin is one of these water reservoirs built during the Qajar period, including Tabas plumbing in the Quds Field, with a 1.5-meter wide corridor and 40 walkways.The dome of this water storage,looks like a turnip and its appearance are made in the form of matted with baking clay. In the cold winter season, drinking water is filled up to provide people with drinking water throughout the summer. This piece of work is one of the most important buildings that have strengthened the aquatic structures of the area.
Also, Nayband village is located in other Tabas tourist destination villages 225 km south of the city and along the road of Tabas-Kerman. The village is in a mountainous region, and the village’s building is based on rocky rock, following the natural slope of the mountain on a hillside, and citrus orchards, palm trees and fields are located in the adjacent valley. The township has its own homes without a specific border with the use of flowers. And the foliage of the trees combines beautifully in the slopes of the mountains and valleys, so that the roof of a house plays the role of the courtyard of the adjoining house, and according to this architecture, it refers to the desert too. The architecture of the Kandovan village and the flow of people’s lives in the context of its old texture is an exception in the world. Because in Turkey and America no one else lives in Cappadocia and Dakota. Kandovan is a village built on the rock, and the only structures of this village are rocks. Homes are pyramidal and there are holes in the rocks for livestock. The traditional Kandovan houses are not similar in architecture type in Iran, and according to some researchers, the construction of these houses dates back to the 7th century AH at the same time as the Mongol invasion.