The province of Fars, in southwestern Iran near the Persian Gulf and lies in Fars Province, a central area for Persian civilization, has played such a major role in the country’s ancient history that it is considered the centre of Iranian identityand also Shiraz is considered as the source of today’s Persian language spoken, Farsi. Shiraz , Due to its many historical, cultural, religious and natural attractions, attracts many tourists to their destination which dates back to more than 4000 years old .
The Heartland of Persian Culture definitely is Shiraz. it was Iran’s central trade hub on the Silk Road and has drawn people from all parts of the Middle East for centuries. It’s the beating heartland of Persian culture, with a rich poetic, mystical and philosophical history, Shiraz is known as the city of poets, gardens, wine, nightingales and flowers. Some of Iran’s most venerated poets were inspired by journeys through the surrounding desert or while walking the city’s lush walled gardens. Shiraz is proud of being mother land of Hafiz Shirazi, Shiraz is a center for Iranian culture and has produced a number of famous poets. Saadi, a 12th- and 13th-century poet was born in Shiraz, He seems to have spent the most of his life in Shiraz. Hafiz, another famous poet and mystic was also born in Shiraz. A number of scientists also originate from Shiraz. Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi, a 13th-century astronomer, mathematician, physician, physicist and scientist was from Shiraz. In his The Limit of Accomplishment concerning Knowledge of the Heavens, he also discussed the possibility of heliocentrism. A trip to Shiraz will stay with you forever. about 2500 years back the Persians grand palace Persepolis was built by the Great Kurosh Empire in Shiraz and Takhte jamshid.
Shiraz’s climate has distinct seasons, and is overall classed as a hot semi-arid climate ,though it is only a little short of a hot-summer Mediterranean climate. Summers are hot, with a July average high of 37.8 °C (100.0 °F). Winters are cool, with average low temperatures below freezing in December and January. Shiraz University , formerly known as Pahlavi University, is a public university located in Shiraz, Iran. It is one of the major universities of Iran. Shiraz University has always ranked as Top 5 among Iranian universities and is well respected in Iran. With more than 25 malls and 10 bazaars, Shiraz is known as the easiest place for shopping in Iran and the Middle East. At The Persian Gulf Complex, located at the north end of the city, travelers can find the largest mall in the world in terms of the number of shops. The city is one of the key tourism sites in Iran too , its cultural heritage is one of the global importance and the most popular .
Shiraz cultural and Historical attractions:
1.The tombs of Hafiz, Saadi(Hafezieh and Sadieh),
2.Khaju e Kermani (whose tomb is inside a mountain above the city’s old Qur’an Gate)
3.Nasir al Molk mosque
7.Karimkhan Shiraz Arg
8.Other lesser known tombs are that of Shah Shoja’ (the Mozafarid emir of Persia, and patron of Hafiz), and the Haft Tanan mausoleum, where seven Sufi mystics are buried. The Tomb of Baba Kuhi sits atop a mountain overlooking the city, and the tomb of Karim Khan Zand is at the Pars Museum of Shiraz.
9.Pars Museum: The oldest mosque is Atigh Jame’ Mosque, which is one of the older mosques of Iran, followed by Vakil Mosque and Nasir al-Mulk mosque. The Vakil Mosque is situated west of the famous Vakil Bazaar. It covers an area of 8,660 square metres (93,200 square feet) and was built in 1187 (AH) during the Zand Dynasty. On the two sides of the entrance gate there are magnificent tile-works and arches. The left and right corridors of the entrance gate are connected to the main room.
10.The citadel of Arg of Karim Khan sits adjacent to the Vakil Bazaar and Vakil Bath at the city’s central district. The most famous of houses are Zinat-ol-Molook House and Gahavam’s House, both in the old quarters of the city.
11.The Qur’an Gate is the entrance to Shiraz. It is located near the gorge of Allah-o-Akbar and is flanked by the Baba Kuhi and Chehel Maqam mountains. The gateway is where two copies of the Qurans known.
12.The Eram Garden (Bagh-e Eram) in Shiraz is a striking location for visitors with a variety of plants as well as a historic mansion. Although the exact date of the construction of the garden is not clear, historical evidence suggests it was constructed during the Seljuk Dynasty on the orders of the celebrated Seljuk monarch Sanjar. Other historical Persian gardens are Afifabad Garden and The Museum of Weapons, Delgosha Garden and Jahan Nama Garden.